• Postdoctoral Fellows •

Sophie Herbst, PhD •

baptisteBaptiste Gauthier, PhD • We are not stuck in the immediate present but often wander along memories or future plans.Neural and behavioral data suggest that past and future thinking rely on a common set of cognitive operations. Starting from the hypothesis of a spatialization of mental time, I am trying to decipher the relations between the mental representations of time and space with chronometry, fMRI and MEG/EEG. My current work suggests that mental mapping of time and space undergo similar constrains although being supported by distinct brain networks.

Ttadeusz_sfn2015adeusz Kononowicz, PhD • I investigate time estimation processes and self-monitoring of time estimation in the human brain utilizing a combination of EEG, MEG techniques, pattern recognition and cognitive modeling approaches. Unlike earlier studies emphasizing the accumulation processes in time estimation, my current work suggests that the sense of time relies on detection of specific patterns in brain activation and that beta oscillations play a great role in estimating time and in self-monitoring of estimated time.

• PhD Students •


Laetitia Grabot, MSc • Enjoying music, catching a ball, producing speech… what is the common trait? All these activities need at one point a representation of temporal order, explicitly or implicitly. The interesting situations are when the brain fails to perceive the correct temporal order of external events, thus providing us a window on its mechanisms. I am currently using such paradigms while recording M/EEG data to investigate neural correlates of temporal order perception. I am also studying individual differences in temporal order perception.


Benoît Martin, MSc • Recent hypotheses in cognitive neuroscience suggest the existence of a magnitude system that would encode time, space, number and more generally the “quantity” in a common representational space. My PhD project is devoted to the critical study of the magnitude system in the human brain with an experimental approach combining psychophysics and M/EEG, focusing on the accumulation of sensory evidence in time.

• Master Students •


Jacques Pesnot-Lerousseau • Walking in the forest, if you see a bush moving and hear a grunt, you have to quickly infer whether your audio/visual percepts come from the same multisensory object (a bear in the bush) or from different unisensory objects (the wind in the bush and a bear elsewhere). However, given the variate nature of the sensory organs and the specificities of each unisensory processes, this “multisensory correspondence problem” is not trivial to solve. Using MEG, I am trying to understand how the human brain can exploit temporal aspects of the sensory signal to infer the sources of its perceptions.

Ava Kiai • time perception



 • associates & onsite collaborators •




Philippe Ciuciu PhD • INRIA PI, Researcher, NeuroSpin Parietal Team






Denis Engemann, PhD • INRIA Researcher, NeuroSpin Parietal Team





Alexandre Gramfort, PhD • Assistant Professor, Télécom ParisTech, NeuroSpin





Daria  La Rocca, PhD • INRIA Postdoctoral Researcher, NeuroSpin Parietal Team



• Alumni •


  • Anne Kösem is now a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow @ Donders, Netherlands.
    PhD thesis (2014.03.27) Cortical oscillations as temporal reference frames for perception.
  • Nicolas Zilber (Dir. P. Ciuciu) is now working @ Amadeus, Sophia-Antipolis, France.
    PhD thesis (2014.03.10) ERF and scale-free analyses of source-reconstructed MEG brain signals during a multisensory learning paradigm


Research Engineers

  • Marco Buiatti (2010-14) now EEG Lab @ University of Trento, Italy.
  • Etienne Labyt (2008-2010) now MEG lab @ CEA-Leti, Clinatech, Grenoble, France

Master Students

  • Ignacio Polti (2014-16, ENS Cogmaster), now RA w/ Christian Doeller at Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience (NTNU)
  • Karin Petske (2014-15, RA)
  • Hafeza Tajuddin (2015, M2 BME Paris)
  • Yousra Bekhti (2013, MII) now PhD student w/ Alexandre Gramfort, Télécom ParisTech
  • Milton Augusto Vendramini de Avila (2013, MI UCL-ENS) now PhD in the Neuroscience and Behavior program, Univ of Sao Paulo, Brazil.
  • Lucille Lecoutre (2013, MII ENS, Paris) now Consulting Engineer in Human Factors, Bordeaux
  • Agnès Falco (2013, MI ENS) now PhD student at Université Toulouse – Jean Jaurès, France.
  • Luca Iemi (2013, MII UCL-ENS, London-Paris) now PhD at Charité Univ Médecine w/ Niko Busch
  • Salim Kebache (2011, visiting MI ENS Paris)
  • Marianne Duyck (2011, visiting MII ENS Paris) now PhD at LPP, Paris.
  • Lukasz Grzeczkowski (2011. MII ENS) PhD at EFLP w/ Michael Herzog
  • Anna Lambrechts (2010, MII ENS-UCL) PhD at City University London w/ Kielan Yarrow
  • Brice Martin (2009-2010) Master . MD-PhD psychiatry